Sun is the ultimate source of energy in the solar system and taping its potential may have been theoretically laid out on papers, through the representation of Dyson's sphere, but the idea is likely to remain in the papers for another 500 years. It's important to take steps now to survive for the next 500 years by taping the true potential of the sun with respect to current human advancement and knowledge.
The One Sun, One World, One Grid (OSOWOG) is a multi-billion dollar, future-oriented, ambitious project, not originated but surely being implemented by India. When it comes to solar energy, India is an absolute giant in this regard. The country has long mastered the technique of harnessing the sun and is now ready to share its knowledge and expertise with the world.
There are multiple conflicts going on in the world due to energy and power generation. Countries are getting involved in building dams in areas that disregard the needs of nations downstream. Countries with weaker economic institutions and reserves find it absolutely difficult to keep up with the current demand for energy and therefore in a desperate mood accept shady loans given under One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative given by China, and end up in a debt trap. At last, they lose hope of ever being able to return the principal amount, so agree to lease out their strategic locations to China.
The geopolitical build-up by China was long ignored by many superpowers. India was one of them, always trying to come up with a pleasing foreign policy for China until the Galwan clash. India is now more confident with its plans. With the announcement of OSOWOG, the country is all set to end this bias trade practice of China and is ready to provide everyone with an fair and bilateral growth opportunities.
Under OSOWOG, India will build an underwater cable of power lines across the world. The idea would be to provide a continuous supply of power throughout the world. Technically, the sun never sets when we talk about the whole world as a whole. If one region is under darkness, the region on the brighter side may generate solar energy and supply it to the darker region and the same process will be reversed when the situation is opposite.
India is planning to build this mega infrastructure in three phases. Under phase one, the country will connect its shores with middle eastern countries in the West and with ASEAN countries in the East. Under phase two, Africa will be connected. Under phase three the plan will be extended according to the then situation. Eventually, the entire world will be brought under this ambitious project.
Sticking to the geopolitical aspect of the project, OSOWOG will ensure long term alliance of majority of countries with India. The idea will strengthen India's bond with most of the countries around the world giving the country a once in a lifetime opportunity to utilize the support in the UN security council to push pro-Indian-foreign-policy laws so as to benefit India's long term goals.
Analysts in recent times have started to compare OSOWOG with OBOR, which I personally think would not be a wise thing to do. OBOR is a trillion-dollar project which involves the development of an entire cluster of infrastructure rather than focusing just on energy. India needs to keep this project as a simple method to solve the most basic problem of the entire world. Comparison with China makes the whole world hostile towards any development in the process and may turn to be a big blunder on the diplomatic side. The country should be focused on making the idea relatable to everyone's daily life. India needs to make the governments aligned with the project retain their pride and give them a sense of belongingness and a feeling of being a part of the new world order.
The challenge is huge and so is the opportunity. Connecting the world with one economy is definitely a diplomatic win but the steps taken during the process need to be seamless and well managed. Indian missions to various countries need to be playing an active role in keeping a fair commencement of construction and keeping the respective government regularly updated. This is the real test of India's foreign policy and economic institutions. It's crucial to see how the economic institutions of India are going to be able to fund these developments and how the diplomatic missions are able to cooperate with the international body to keep things on track. India is a country with huge potential, now is the time to tap the potential.