When two street dogs fight, they do not come to blows right from the beginning, rather they resort to showcasing their might by flexing their sharp teeth and deadly growl. This is exactly the situation with the global military might. Stronger countries never want themselves to get involved in a direct armed confrontation fearing the fall of the economy and ultimately the overall capability. And therefore the army is now an organization to ensure the country's overall security and is not anymore used to encroach land.
However, India still need to have an upper hand in case of any strategic counterattack. And that's where the fourth domain of warfare comes in. Propaganda, diplomacy, economy, and even cyberspace, all come under this domain.
India as a country has seen many ups and downs in its entire course of existence post-independence, but it has managed to emerge as one of the leading nations when it comes to military, diplomacy, or economy. Despite the severe sanctions imposed on India after the Pokhran test and dwindling economy, the one thing that ignited the country's ambitions was the hope of a better, stronger, and brighter tomorrow. This was the time when the country was imposed with war from the western front and constant threat from the northern front. After getting into a situation when there was no one to be called as an actual friend, it was then when the counter realized how important it was to leverage all the potential the economy could create.
India already knew the future of warfare and started working towards it. But the first step was to recognize the areas of immediate attention which was developing indigenous supercomputer technology, enabling the space program with the cryogenic engine, boosting research and development in the military domain, boosting r&d in the civil domain with the introduction of IT, and getting out of the sanctions using strong lobbying.
After the UNSC adopted resolution 1172 condemning India for its practices, it was difficult for the country to keep up with the ambitions and therefore India decided to leverage its human capital to ensure that the country never gets into such a situation in the future by strengthening Indian diaspora.
It was a long list of decisions that led the country to sail through all the pressure and existential threat to reach a point where it is now.
India has actively invested in the fourth domain of warfare. Today Indian diaspora is regarded as the most powerful in the world, the country has been able to nurture its population to grow in an IT environment which backs India's cyber capability.
Leveraging the reach of Indians in various high-value posts across the world, the country is able to negotiate on its terms allowing even greater influence.
The growing economy has also played a major role in strengthing India's diplomatic reach where the country is able to persuade various organizations historically against the country in favor of India.
The cyber domain is a vast topic to cover in one blog and therefore will be covered individually but as for now, the country is ramping up its cyber capabilities even further by gaining influence in allied countries with the help of logistics deals and getting access to sensitive data.
After the continuous threat from the western border, it became absolutely obvious for India to create and nurture the espionage culture in its economy and defense sector. Despite the shortage of information, it is clearly evident how the spy agencies of the country have been able to win wars for the country even before they are fought. From crippling the enemy's economy to getting access to almost all major economies in terms of business and security, and to eliminating millions of terrorist attacks and protecting the diaspora in a foreign land, The spy agencies have always been a helping hand for the economy.