Space is an amazing place, you can escape the world through it or you can destroy the world by via it. With defence technologies becoming increasingly deadly, it's important for any country to develop their own space deterrence technologies to defend themselves from above.
India is one of those countries which understands the importance of this geopolitical development and has been actively investing in space and space-related applications. Under the motherhood of Indian Space Research Orgainsation (ISRO), India has been constantly working on technologies for civilian use but what has caught up most eyes is its involvement in development of next-gen technologies for defence applications.
For a country like India which dreams of becoming a superpower in the near future, it's justified why they have been developing their own Space Situational Awareness (SSA) capabilities by building data processing units across the world.
Under ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC), ISRO launched a programme named Telemetry, Tracking and Command (TTC), to build a worldwide infrastructure to track and communicate with India's space assets and provide the country with a precise and effective deterrence tool so as to defend against any incoming hypersonic projectile with a potential nuclear warhead. The system provides India to reduce its time lag of activating the nuclear doctrine.
Under TTC, India has been able to established tacker systems in Port Louis in Mauritius, Bear Lakes in Russia, Biak in Indonesia, Brunei, Svalbard in Norway, Troll in Antarctica, Vietnam, Gatun Lake in Panama, Sao Tome and Principe in West Africa.
Another project code-named Project NETRA or the Network for Space object tracking and Analysis was launched recently to add on to India's Space Situational Awareness Capabilities.
This system guarantees effective deterrence against incoming threat via space by supporting the Prithvi Air Defence system and also the anti-satellite defence system under project Mission Shakti. NETRA efficiently combines with the pre-programmed algorithms of Shakti defence system for active retaliation against the threat to India's space assets in Low Earth Orbit and has future plans to extend the range up to 36000 km.
The ongoing expansion of Indian defence in the fifth domain of warfare that is space, only after land, air, sea and cyber can well be linked to the recent events faced by the country. India is trying to go solo and self-reliant in cutting edge technologies to support its key assets without the fear of foreign intervention or effect of international sanctions. With the new education policy announced, it is clear that India is now focusing on making the country future-ready with prime focus on the cyber world. As the world is moving away from a non-aligned movement and everyone is trying to make their group stronger and capable, both in terms of economy and diplomacy, India needs to be vigilant before making any decision on the geopolitical front.
It is important for the country to not be a part of any block as a result of international pressure. India's space advancement brings the country at par with major players of the world and therefore ensures a safer ecosystem for their economy and a stronger stance in international forums.
Communication and intelligence are the base of any war and a country's space assets ensure the relay of those aspects. Destroying the entire communication system of a country means under-supply of any external intelligence as well as internal data sharing. So, it's important for a country like India which heavily depends on its military and communication satellites for data communication, to develop deterrence technologies to protect its land and sovereignty.